Calcium is an essential and important mineral for children’s teeth and bone development. Lack of calcium can lead to rickets, growth retardation and affect the development of children. Therefore, how to supplement calcium properly and adequately for children is a matter of special concern for parents.
The need and role of calcium for children
The role of calcium for children
Calcium is especially important in determining a child’s height, healthy development and rigidity. In the human body, 99% of calcium is found in bones and teeth and only the remaining 1% is in blood cells. When the body is supplemented with calcium helps children maintain strong bones and teeth system. However, many parents do not know the signs and how calcium supplementation for children will lead to children with calcium deficiency.
When calcium deficiency, children will be rickets, teeth grow slowly, or startled, protruding bones, concave memory, sleepless sleepless sleep. Besides calcium deficiency also affects the immune system and makes cells lose the ability to kill cancer cells in the body.
For children under 8 years of age, lack of calcium makes the body tired, lazy to eat, or numb limbs and prone to falling. With children from 9 to 16 years of age, calcium deficiency causes children to be irritable, tired people, sweaty body and lazy to work, etc. If prolonged calcium deficiency affects not only physical but also intellectual child’s brain.
Your child’s calcium needs
At each age, children will have different calcium needs, namely:
For children under 6 months old will need 300mg calcium / day.
For children aged 7 months to 12 months of age need 400mg of calcium per day.
Children between the ages of 1 and 3 need 500 mg of calcium / day.
Children aged 4 to 6 years need 600mg of calcium / day.
For children aged 7 to 9 years old need 700 mg of calcium daily.
Children from 10 years old need 1,000mg of calcium per day.
Children aged 11 to 24 years old need 1200mg of calcium per day.
According to experts daily diet only meet 50% of the calcium needed for children. Therefore, in order to meet the needs of calcium for children to develop well. Parents need to pay attention to adequate content of supplements.
Calcium supplements for children properly
Calcium plays an important role in a child’s body. Therefore, the proper intake of calcium to help children grow healthy is something parents need to pay attention. However, how to supplement calcium properly is not everyone knows. Not just for children to drink plenty of calcium is good. But must be done properly to be effective and help children absorb the best.
Pay attention to the dosage
As above, the need for calcium at each age is different, the older the child needs the higher the calcium supplement. Therefore, parents should pay attention to the age of their children to supplement the calcium dose accordingly.
Adequate calcium supplementation helps children to grow healthy. However, if parents supplement excess of calcium for children will lead to negative consequences such as constipation, nausea, bone pain. Excess calcium in the long run can cause more serious consequences such as calcium build up causing calcification or kidney stones, causing the body to reduce absorption of other minerals such as iron, magnesium, zinc, … So to ensure Full dosage parents should consult a doctor.
Not only the right dose but parents also pay attention at the right time to be able to achieve the best effect. The best time for children to supplement calcium is in the morning, after meals about 30 to 60 minutes. This is when children are exposed to sunlight, synthesize vitamin D and absorb calcium well.
Not giving children calcium in the evening or afternoon will cause calcium to be deposited in the body, risk of constipation, kidney stones and trouble sleeping.
Combined with vitamin D
Vitamin D and calcium are inseparable “couple” because vitamin D is a transmitter that helps the baby’s body absorb calcium better. So for children to best absorb the amount of calcium into the body of parents should supplement vitamin D for children. You can get vitamin D by exposing your child to the sun early in the morning or through foods rich in this vitamin such as milk, yogurt, egg yolks, salmon, cod liver oil, etc.
Supplement by eating and drinking
Although eating daily only meet 50% of the calcium needed for children. However, this is considered an effective way of supplementing calcium for the body. Parents can go through natural foods and nutritious food to provide calcium for their children. Especially for babies, breast milk is the best source of calcium. In some cases, when the mother’s milk is too little, not enough for children or children to absorb calcium badly. They need to be supplemented with calcium in addition to that. They must be prescribed by a doctor, not arbitrarily buying calcium for use to avoid Excess calcium.
Calcium supplementation for babies through eating and drinking parents can buy foods such as seafood, including fish, crabs, shellfish, … or kale, celery, cabbage, lettuce to enhance health. for bone. In green vegetables with vitamin K is the factor that creates osteocalcin, osteocalcin helps calcium build up in bones.
But parents also note that the intake of calcium from baby meals is difficult to accurately measure and balance with other groups in the diet. Normally, the amount of calcium absorbed by children is only about 20%, the rest will be excreted. So parents can feed their children more yogurt, drink more milk and milk products to help children grow taller.
Some ways for calcium to be well absorbed
When children drink calcium should combine with outdoor exercise to get the best calcium absorption.
Absolutely not let children drink calcium when hungry.
Do not take calcium with milk.
Winter is a time of low sunshine, children are also susceptible to calcium deficiency, so this is the right time to add calcium to the baby.
Every day for children to sunbathe about 15-30 minutes for the body to make vitamin D to support the absorption of calcium.